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عنوان:TOURIST ATTRACTIONS IN ISFAHAN

تاریخ انتشار: ۹۵/۰۷/۲۶

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TOURIST ATTRACTIONS IN ISFAHAN

Toba Mardani

Journal of tourism, hospitality and transportation / third / ۷ / second half Persian date

Shahrivar ۵۹/ www.diyareashena.com

Isfahan is one of the most spectacular cities of Iran from the view point of tourist attractions. There are magnificent monuments, which belong to different periods, fantastic tile- works, the outstanding architecture and ornamentations of the mosques and glorious palaces, the unique  Naghsh-e- Jahan Square, old colorful houses, fascinating bazaars, minarets, beautiful natural attractions of the Zayandeh Rood river, pigeon towers, wonderful old bridges and tourist minded people. Some of these attractions include:

Aali Qapu Palace

Aali Qapu Palace has been built by order of Shah Abbas I in the early of ۱۷th century. This palace has five floors that each floor has its own decorations. Some parts have been added to the main building in Shah Abbas II era.
Qapu or Qapi means door, doorway and entrance in Turkish language and Aali means glorious, grand and valuable.
The exterior decoration applied by bricks and painted tile and arabesque traceries on the pendentive (the crescent parts above each entrance); the interior decoration applied by beautiful paintings of foliage, hunting ground, animals and birds on the plaster (Layeh chini and Koshteh Bori) or Iran (by style of Reza Abbasi paintings) and foreign (by European painters such as Angel Wolvcar) picture miniatures.


Aali Qapu building has been the highest multi-story palace by the height of about ۳۶ meters to the floor of the bazaar (market) in Esfahan in recent decades. This construction has various views from every side due to architectural additions so that front view of the construction from Naghsh-e-Jahan square is ۲ floors, back view of the construction is ۵ floors, the two sides of the construction is ۳ floors and totally it is ۶ floors by including of the ground floor as the first floor.
In addition to well-known miniature works of Reza Abbasi in Safavid era, the stucco of the last floor which its name is “Music Room” or “Sound Room” has been put Aali Qapu among the magnificent and valuable heritages. There are various types of cup forms on the wall. Except representation of beauty and creativity of plasterer artists, the goal of making these hollow forms was because of muffling the music echoes which musicians and music masters executed and the sounds to be heard naturally and without echo.
This palace is also well known to the names of Dolatkhaneh Mobarakeh Naghsh-e-Jahan and Ghasr-e-Dolatkhaneh.

Isfahan Sio-Se-Pol

Sio-Se  -Pol  (Pol-e-Allah Verdi Khan), is a unique construction of Safavi era which is located at the end of the Chahar Bagh-e-Abbasi Street. This beautiful bridge has been built in Shah Abbas-e-Safavi era by stuffs like bricks and mortar above the Zayandeh Rud River in order to connect the north and south of Isfahan. The important characteristics of this bridge are the arches and entrances of Sio-Sepol which has been separated the passageway of mounted from pedestrian.
This bridge that is a unique masterpiece of the first Shah Abbas-e-Safavi’s works; has been constructed by coast and control of famous commander “Allah Verdi Khan”. Other names were used for this bridge such as “Sio-Se Cheshmeh, “Chahr Bagh”, “Jolfa” and finally “Zayandeh Rud”. The name of Pol-e-Shah Abbasi is because of ordering of its construction by the first Shah Abbas and whereas it has been built by stewardship and effort of Allah Verdi Khan, it is well known to Pol-e-Allah Verdi Khan, and as the passageway of people was toward Jolfa, they called it Pol-e-Jolf, and because it had forty fountains it is famous for Pol-e-Chehel Cheshmeh and now it has thirty three fountains so it is famous for Pol-e-Sio Se Chesmeh.
The length and width of this bridge is about ۳۰۰ meters and ۱۴ meters, so it is the longest bridge which has been built above Zayandeh Rud. The upper part has been used when it was full of water and has balconies for sake of summer seat and it was place of water passing. The lower part has been place of passing the passengers from east to west of Isfahan and vice versa on Zayandeh Rud River when the water was low. This bridge which connects Chahar Bagh-e-Abbasi to mentioned Chahar Bagh, had already forty fountains but now among those forty fountains just remain thirty three fountains and the rest of them has been blocked. The sprinkling ceremony has been held beside of this bridge in Safavi era. Also Armenians of Jolfa in Isfahan has been held their Cross Washing ceremony on limits of this bridge. The bridge is one of Iran architecture and construction of bridges’ masterpieces and it is considered as a unique beauty and grandeur.
This work has been registered as one of Iran National Monuments by registration number ۱۱۰ in ۵th January ۱۹۳۱.

Naghsh-e-Jahan Square (Meidan-e-Imam)

Naghsh-e-Jahan Square of Isfahan is one of the most beautiful squares in the world. This oblong-shaped square is ۵۰۷ meters long by ۱۵۸ meters wide and is located in the centre of Isfahan city. Two hundred two-floored-chambers are connected to form four unique and adjoining historical sites: Sheikh Lotf Allah Mosque, Imam Mosque, Gate to Kaiseriyeh Bazaar (market), and Aali Qapou Palace (Kakh-e-Aali Qapou). In the place of this square there was a large garden named “Naghsh-e-Jahan”; This Square is named after the garden.
Naghsh-e-Jahan square has been registered in the National Heritage of Iran by the name of Imam Khomeini Square on ۲۸th January ۱۹۳۴, and it was one of the first Iranian heritages which have been registered as World Heritage of UNSCO in April ۱۹۷۹.
Naghsh-e-Jahan square was built instead of a small square which was left from Timurid era. As the two mosques of Imam and Sheikh Lotf Allah and gate of Kaiseriyeh Bazaar were built, these three buildings were connected to each other by unified arches. By finishing of the square and decorations, the square`s floor was graveled and flatted. From this time, the square has been used for matches and the usual games of that era such as Polo and Pillory throwing and also the parade of soldiers or armies has been implemented in this place. Two stony pillars which are located in front of Imam Mosque and also their symmetry that are located in front of Kaiseriyeh Bazaar show implementation of Polo and other sports in the square.
Around the square there are two hundred chambers of two floors which are considered as the old market (Bazaar) of Isfahan.
From Anobanini view, the old bazaar of Isfahan around this square is one of the important parts of production and presentation of Iran’s craft. Each of Isfahan craftsmen and artists are working in a chamber to product crafts like engraving, copper working and … The beautiful bazaar of Naghsh-e-Jahan square has been collected many craft, memorial and souvenirs of different parts of the country in itself and this is one of the reasons of popularity of Naghsh-e-Jahan square among inside and outside tourists.

Chehel Souton Garden

Chehel Sotoun (Forty Columns) Palace is one of the most important mansions that Isfahan is known for. According to the World View (Jahan Nama), the construction of this palace first started in the Shah Abbas I Period and in the middle of Chehel Sotoun Garden (Jahan-Nama garden) with an area of over ۶۷۰۰۰ square meters and was completed in Shah Abbass II Period.
According to an inscription inside of the palace, it was built in about ۱۰۵۷ A.D. In this palace there are many beautiful and interesting features including huge columns, eighteen column halls, mirror hall, stone lions placed in four corners of central hall pond and imprint marble plinth which are around showing carving industry in Safavid period, excellent decorative gold work of king hall, side rooms of mirror hall and big painting boards of kingdom hall (including images of Safavid kings), an image Shah Abbas I with special crown and other miniatures in treasure room. On the porch roof and walls of small and big halls there are beautiful paintings which are drawn in subtle woody frames of various geometric shapes and mostly show attending of ambassadors of foreign countries at the Safavid court, some scenes of Iranians army combat and Ottoman troops and show feasts of Safavid courtiers. Mirrors decoration, stalactite, Stucco and stale with black lines on a background of flowers and plants should be added to the artwork collection of this palace.
At the moment the Chehel Sotoun Mansion and its garden museum which displays artworks of different periods of Iran is a popular destination for foreign and domestic tourists.

Vank Church

Vank Church is also known as Sansur and Amnaperkich. It is the largest church in Julfa. This majestic church was built in ۱۰۱۵ A.H (۱۶۰۵) in the area of Barberry Garden. It has a giant dome, lofty and beautiful walls and roofs which is already vicarage of Indian and Armenian caliphs.
The main chapel of the church is in shape of parallelogram that has two quadrilateral parts which the first part is bedchamber and the second part that is under the dome of the church is the palace where ceremonies and religious songs holds. The chapel walls are covered with multi-colored brick tiles. In the upper part of the walls beautiful images has painted that are inspired from Bible and has decorated all the dome space. Around the dome, the story of creation of Adam and Eve has been painted by Armenian painters. Also on the beautiful sanctuary of the church some images including an image of Jesus (AS) is painted.

On the corner of the churchyard a big and beautiful bell tower which is based on four stone pillars has built. On the other side of the churchyard and in front of bell tower, a long column from remembrance stone of ۱.۵ million Armenian who were massacred in ۱۹۱۵ has built. In the courtyard of the churchyard a few of the famous Armenian including some archbishop, political representatives of European countries that have passed in Isfahan has been buried.

Sareban Minaret

This minaret belongs to ۶th century and Seljuk Period that is decorated with brick and tile work. This minaret has about ۵۴ meters high and can be observed from the mountains around the city very well.
This minaret was built in three floors and without basement, which is composed of seven sections. This minaret with relief Chinese brick, carved bricks and also Faience mosaic with the Kufic Reyhan style is decorated. The three existing inscriptions in the minaret has been written in Kufic.
This minaret due to asymmetries in its basis has been deviated about ۸ degrees toward southeast from a long vertical. There is no exact build date for this minaret but because of too much similarity to Masjid Ali minaret (Ali mosque minaret) and also its architecture and the way of writing inscriptions its build date is between ۵۲۵ to ۵۵۰ A.H.

There are many more attractions in Isfahan, and these were just some of them.


 
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